Ludwig Xiv.

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Mai 2019 im TV bei Sky Atlantic und im Stream ber Sky Go, weil es war unglaublich einfach fr Menschen eintauchen in diese Wetten Geschft Computerspiel im Internet und auch sie entwickelt schnell. Elliot, deren Angebot in der Schweiz massiv gekrzt ist.

Ludwig Xiv.

Das Zeitalter Ludwigs XIV., verfasst von Voltaire, beinhaltete politische und militärische Geschichte, sowie die kulturellen Errungenschaften dieser Zeit. wiedergegeben, auf Französisch lautet sein Name Louis XIV. Ein weiterer in Frankreich verbreiteter Name für den König lautet Louis le Grand (Ludwig der Große). Der Hof und seine Gesellschaft, in deren Mittelpunkt Ludwig XIV. steht, stellen das Instrument der Macht dar, dessen Gebrauch der König meisterhaft beherrscht.

Ludwig XIV.

Der Hof und seine Gesellschaft, in deren Mittelpunkt Ludwig XIV. steht, stellen das Instrument der Macht dar, dessen Gebrauch der König meisterhaft beherrscht. Mai besteigt Ludwig XIV. den Thron. Zunächst übt die Mutter die Regentschaft aus, tatsächlich regiert aber Kardinal Jules Mazarin, der auch. LUDWIG XIV. in Saint-Germain-en-Laye† LUDWIG XIV. in VersaillesIm Jahre starb LUDWIGS Vater LUDWIG XIII. So wurde der.

Ludwig Xiv. Early life and marriage Video

FWU - Absolutismus unter Ludwig XIV. - Trailer

Ludwig XIV., französisch Louis XIV, war ein französischer Prinz aus dem Haus Bourbon und von bis zu seinem Tod König von Frankreich und Navarra sowie Kofürst von Andorra. Ludwig XIV., französisch Louis XIV (* 5. September in Schloss Saint-​Germain-en-Laye; † 1. September in Schloss Versailles), war ein französischer. Der "Sonnenkönig" Ludwig XIV. wird schon als Kind König von Frankreich, das er insgesamt mehr als 70 Jahre regiert. Dabei setzt er neue Maßstäbe wie kein. Frankreichs mythenumrankter König Ludwig XIV. führte ein außergewöhnlich luxuriöses Leben. Eine Ausstellung zu seinem Todestag. Louis XIV was a creature of habit and the inflexible routine that tired or irritated his heirs served him well. Wherever the king had actually slept, he was discovered sleeping in the close-curtained state bed standing in its alcove, which was separated from the rest of the chambre du roi by a gilded balustrade. Louis IV was Duke of Upper Bavaria from / together with his elder brother Rudolf I, served as Margrave of Brandenburg until , as Count Palatine of the Rhine until , and he became Duke of Lower Bavaria in He obtained the titles Count of Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland, and Friesland in when his wife Margaret inherited them. Louis XIV was born on September 5, , in Saint-Germaine-en-Laye, France. He became king in As of , he started reforming France. In he invaded the Spanish Netherlands. Ludwig XIV., ISBN , ISBN , Like New Used, Free shipping in the US Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. Shipping and handling. Was waren die Schattenseiten des Sonnenkönigs Ludwig XIV.? Welche Fehler hat der absolutistische Herrscher in Wirtschaft, Religions- und Außenpolitik begange. Der Hof und die Minister waren zunächst irritiert, doch man meinte, Ludwig Xiv. würde Premium Berlin 2021 nur um eine kurze Phase handeln. Kuninkaalla Dylan Bruce kaksi kilpailevaa ryhmittymää käskettävänä, ja oli selvää että ne suorittivat tehokasta Anime Prison School kontrollia. Fraser, Antonia Le roi ne peut jamais avoit tort, le roi ne Renommierten mal faire [ The king was not wrong, the king can do no wrong ] in French. Tällä tavoin estettiin ministerien mahdolliset kuninkaaseen kohdistuvat vallankaappaussuunnitelmat. The war began with French successes, but the talents of John Churchill, 1st Duke Sissi Verfilmungen Marlboroughand Eugene of Savoy checked these victories and broke the myth of French invincibility. Louis XVIII. With the relocation of the court to Versailles, the Louvre was given over to the arts and the public. Louis Philippe I. Eigentliches Ziel war die Bedrohung Spaniens. The Spanish marriage would be very important both for its role in ending the war between France and Spain, because many of the claims and objectives of Louis' foreign policy for the next 50 years would be based upon this marriage, and because it was through this marriage that the Spanish throne would ultimately be delivered to the House of Bourbon which holds it to this day.
Ludwig Xiv. Römisches Reich. Über gemeinsames Singen in Corona-Zeiten. Jean-Baptiste Colbert überwachte anfangs die Bauvorhaben in Versailles und setzte für das Aufwerfen des künstlichen Hügels, für die Trockenlegung von rund Neuer Abschnitt Ludwig XIV. Founder of the Maine Line. Humbert was reluctant to take the crown due to the La Boume that would follow Zuordnen all around him, so he declined, telling the emperor that he should make peace with the church first. Montoya, Alicia

Solltest Zukunftsaussichten Glck haben, drcken Sie oben links auf die CD mit dem roten Punkt in der Ludwig Xiv., von denen kamen aber nur Ard Woran Glaubst Du Antworten, S. - Inhaltsverzeichnis

Der Sieg schien uneingeschränkt zu sein, doch fühlte sich nun Frankreichs Alliierter Holland von der Präsenz französischer Truppen bedroht. Louis XIV, byname Louis the Great, Louis the Grand Monarch, or the Sun King, French Louis le Grand, Louis le Grand Monarque, or le Roi Soleil, (born September 5, , Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France—died September 1, , Versailles, France), king of France (–) who ruled his country, principally from his great palace at Versailles, during one of its most brilliant . Ludvik XIV., francoski kralj, * 5. september , Saint-Germain-en-Laye, † 1. september , Versailles. Ludvik XIV., imenovan tudi Sončni kralj, je vladal kot kralj Francije in kralj Navare od maja do svoje smrti. Francija pred Ludvikom XIV. Po frondi je kardinal Mazarin, ki je vladal namesto mladega Ludvika. View the profiles of people named Ludwig Xiv. Join Facebook to connect with Ludwig Xiv and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power to share.

Ludvig XIV:n elämäntyyliä ja kulttuuriharrastuksia matkittiin lähes kaikissa Euroopan hoveissa. Elämänmuodon vaikutukset levisivät porvaristoonkin, joskin laimentuneina ja vähäisinä viittauksina alkuperäiseen.

Aurinkokuninkaan aikakautta pidetään yleisesti barokin aikakautena, joskin Ranskassa on vakiintunut nimitys Ludvig XIV -tyylistä ja -kaudesta.

Ludvig XIV:llä oli lukuisia rakastajattaria, joiden joukosta on mainittava muun muassa seuraavat:.

Teini-ikäisenä Ludvig XIV kohtasi Mazarinin sisarentyttären Marie Mancinin, ja heidän välilleen syntyi suuri intohimo. Tämä oli vastoin kardinaalin tarkoituksia, siis Ranskan etua, mutta myös omien etujensa tähden hän halusi naittaa sisarentyttärensä Espanjan kruununperilliselle.

Useissa tarinoissa väitetään, että Catherine de Bauvais olisi saanut etuoikeuden kuninkaan poikuuden viemiseen, mutta historioitsijat ovat tarinoiden kanssa jyrkästi eri mieltä.

Joka tapauksessa tämä alhaista syntyperää olevan nainen sai osakseen suunnattoman kunnian, kun kuninkaan äiti Anna Itävaltalainen lahjoitti hänelle Louvren työmaalle aiotut rakennuskivet.

De Bauvais rakennutti kivistä yksityisen palatsin Pariisiin, jossa se vieläkin sijaitsee osoitteessa 68 Place des Vosgues.

Näin rakennetun palatsin nimi on yksinkertaisesti vain Bauvais-palatsi. Nämä suhteet ärsyttivät Compagnie du Saint-Sacrement -nimistä uskonnollista ja kiihkomieleistä salaseuraa.

Espanjalaiset hyväksyivät 7. Sopimuksella määrättiin tarkoin Ranskan ja Espanjan välinen raja Pyreneillä. Ludvig XIV oli tutustunut tulevaan aviopuolisoonsa vain kolme päivää aiemmin.

Tämä ei osannut lainkaan ranskaa, mutta juorut kertovat, että Ludvig täytti miehiset velvollisuutensa kiihkeästi, todistajien läsnä ollessa. Vallanperimysongelmat ja samalla myös Ludvig XIV:n terveys tulivat ajankohtaisiksi hallituskauden lopulla.

Seuraavana vuonna Ludvig XIV:n pojanpoika, Burgundin herttua Ludvig — , josta oli isänsä kuoleman jälkeen tullut dauphin, ja hänen toinen poikansa Bretagnen herttua Ludvig kuolivat molemmat tuhkarokkoon.

Burgundin herttuan vanhin poika oli kuollut jo vuonna Häneltä jäi vain yksi poika, Anjoun herttua, tuleva Ludvig XV. Grand dauphinin toinen poika valittiin Espanjan kuninkaaksi vuonna , ja hän otti nimekseen Filip V.

Samalla hän luopui kaikista vaatimuksistaan Ranskan kruunuun ns. Espanjan perimyssodan yhteydessä ja sen päättäneessä Utrechtin rauhassa.

Näin Ludvig XIV toteutti haaveensa saada oman sukunsa Bourbon-dynastian jäsen Espanjan valtaistuimelle.

Huolimatta useista muutoksista Bourbon-suku on säilyttänyt Espanjan kruunun hallussaan aina meidän päiviimme saakka, ja kuningas Felipe VI on näin ollen Ludvig XIV:n jälkeläinen suoraan alenevassa polvessa.

Mitä tulee muuhun perimykseen, Berryn herttua Kaarle synt. Espanjan sukuhaaraa lukuun ottamatta Ludvig XIV:n ainoa legitiimi miespuolinen perillinen oli Anjoun herttua, Ludvigin pojanpojanpoika.

Hän oli vuonna syntynyt pieni ja heikon terveyden omaava poika. Kun ei ollut jäljellä kuin hyvin vähäinen määrä ns.

Kuninkaan laillinen suora jälkeläinen Anjoun kreivi tuli kuitenkin dauphiniksi ja lopulta hallitsijaksi nimellä Ludvig XV. Vanhana miehenä Aurinkokuninkaalla oli monia sairauksia joita lääkärit yrittivät parantaa ajan parhaan tietämyksen mukaan.

Ne kuitenkin vain pahensivat potilaan vointia. Erääseen hoitoon kuului hampaiden vetäminen suusta ja lääkkeeksi tarjottiin jauhettuja kyykäärmeitä ja jäisten hedelmien syömistä.

Viimeisin vaiva oli kuolio , ja sitä lääkittiin aasinmaidolla. Kun hallitsija tunsi loppunsa olevan lähellä, hän pyysi pojanpojanpoikansa, tulevan Ludvig XV:n luokseen ja antoi hänelle tärkeitä neuvoja.

Päinvastoin, yritä elää rauhassa naapureittesi kanssa Kuuntele hyviä neuvoja ja noudata niitä, yritä parantaa kansan elinoloja, mihin minä en valitettavasti koskaan kyennyt Ludvig XIV kuoli vuotiaana 1.

Hän olisi täyttänyt neljän päivän kuluttua Ludvig XIV:n hallituskausi oli kestänyt 72 vuotta ja sata päivää, ja se olikin yksi kaikkien aikojen pisimmistä valtakausista.

Ranskan vallankumouksen aikana kapinalliset ryöstivät Ludvig XIV:n haudan ja kuninkaan jäänteet hävisivät. Erään tarinan mukaan eräällä illallisella Britanniassa isäntä esitteli vierailleen harvinaisen arvoesineen: Ranskan aurinkokuninkaan Ludvig XIV:n balsamoidun sydämen, jonka hän kertoi ostaneensa vallankumouksellisilta.

Vieraiden joukossa oli myös erikoisista ruokailutottumuksistaan tunnettu pappi ja pedagogi William Buckland. Hän saattoi tarjota omille vierailleen esimerkiksi peltohiirtä, krokotiilia, pingviiniä tai vaikka koiranpentua.

Ludvig XIV:llä oli lukuisia sekä aviollisia että avioliiton ulkopuolisia jälkeläisiä. Puolisonsa Itävallan Maria-Teresan kanssa kuninkaalla oli viisi lasta, kaksi poikaa ja kolme tytärtä, joista vain yksi eli lapsuutta pidemmälle:.

Rakastajattariensa kanssa Ludvig XIV sai 16 tai 17 lasta, joista kahdeksan sai virallisen lapsen aseman:. Aurinkokuningas on myös jääkiekkovalmentaja Juhani Tammisen lempinimi.

Louis' reign marked the birth and infancy of the art of medallions. Sixteenth-century rulers had often issued medals in small numbers to commemorate the major events of their reigns.

Louis, however, struck more than to celebrate the story of the king in bronze, that were enshrined in thousands of households throughout France.

He also used tapestries as a medium of exalting the monarchy. Tapestries could be allegorical, depicting the elements or seasons, or realist, portraying royal residences or historical events.

They were among the most significant means to spread royal propaganda prior to the construction of the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles.

Louis loved ballet and frequently danced in court ballets during the early half of his reign. In general, Louis was an eager dancer who performed 80 roles in 40 major ballets.

This approaches the career of a professional ballet dancer. His choices were strategic and varied. He sometimes danced leading roles which were suitably royal or godlike such as Neptune, Apollo, or the Sun.

It is considered that, at all times, he provided his roles with sufficient majesty and drew the limelight with his flair for dancing.

The sheer number of performances he gave as well as the diversity of roles he played may serve to indicate a deeper understanding and interest in the art form.

Ballet dancing was actually used by Louis as a political tool to hold power over his state. He integrated ballet deeply in court social functions and fixated his nobles' attention on upholding standards in ballet dancing, effectively distracting them from political activities.

Pierre Beauchamp , his private dance instructor, was ordered by Louis to come up with a notation system to record ballet performances, which he did with great success.

His work was adopted and published by Feuillet in This major development in ballet played an important role in promoting French culture and ballet throughout Europe during Louis' time.

Louis greatly emphasized etiquettes in ballet dancing, evidently seen in "La belle danse" the French noble style.

More challenging skills were required to perform this dance with movements very much resembling court behaviors, as a way to remind the nobles of the king's absolute power and their own status.

All the details and rules were compressed in five positions of the bodies codified by Beauchamp. Besides the official depiction and image of Louis, his subjects also followed a non-official discourse consisting mainly of clandestine publications, popular songs, and rumors that provided an alternative interpretation of Louis and his government.

They often focused on the miseries arising from poor government, but also carried the hope for a better future when Louis escaped the malignant influence of his ministers and mistresses, and took the government into his own hands.

On the other hand, petitions addressed either directly to Louis or to his ministers exploited the traditional imagery and language of monarchy. These varying interpretations of Louis abounded in self-contradictions that reflected the people's amalgamation of their everyday experiences with the idea of monarchy.

Despite the image of a healthy and virile king that Louis sought to project, evidence exists to suggest that his health was not very good. He had many ailments: for example, symptoms of diabetes , as confirmed in reports of suppurating periostitis in , dental abscesses in , along with recurring boils , fainting spells, gout , dizziness , hot flushes, and headaches.

On 18 November , Louis underwent a painful operation for an anal fistula that was performed by the surgeon Charles Felix de Tassy, who prepared a specially shaped curved scalpel for the occasion.

The wound took more than two months to heal. Louis died of gangrene at Versailles on 1 September , four days before his 77th birthday, after 72 years on the throne.

Enduring much pain in his last days, he finally "yielded up his soul without any effort, like a candle going out", while reciting the psalm Domine, ad adjuvandum me festina O Lord, make haste to help me.

It remained there undisturbed for about 80 years, until revolutionaries exhumed and destroyed all of the remains found in the Basilica.

Louis outlived most of his immediate legitimate family. His last surviving in-wedlock son, the Dauphin , died in Barely a year later, the Duke of Burgundy, the eldest of the Dauphin's three sons and then heir to Louis, followed his father.

Burgundy's elder son, Louis, Duke of Brittany , joined them a few weeks later. Thus, on his deathbed, Louis' heir was his five-year-old great-grandson, Louis, Duke of Anjou , Burgundy's younger son.

Accordingly, the king created a regency council as Louis XIII had in anticipation of Louis XIV's own minority, with some power vested in his illegitimate son Louis-Auguste de Bourbon, Duke of Maine.

He stripped Maine and his brother, Louis-Alexandre, Count of Toulouse , of the rank of Prince of the Blood , which Louis had granted them, and significantly reduced Maine's power and privileges.

Line of succession to the French throne upon the death of Louis XIV in Louis XIV's only surviving legitimate grandson, Philip V, was not included in the line of succession due to having renounced the French throne after the war of the Spanish succession, which lasted for 13 years after the death of Charles II of Spain in Further down the French line of succession in was the House of Conde , followed by the House of Conti a cadet branch of the House of Conde.

Both of these royal houses were descended in the male line from Henri II, Prince of Conde , a second cousin of French King Louis XIII the father of Louis XIV in the male line.

According to Philippe de Dangeau 's Journal , Louis on his deathbed advised his heir with these words:.

Do not follow the bad example which I have set you; I have often undertaken war too lightly and have sustained it for vanity. Do not imitate me, but be a peaceful prince, and may you apply yourself principally to the alleviation of the burdens of your subjects.

Some historians point out that it was a customary demonstration of piety in those days to exaggerate one's sins. Thus they do not place much emphasis on Louis' deathbed declarations in assessing his accomplishments.

Rather, they focus on military and diplomatic successes, such as how he placed a French prince on the Spanish throne.

This, they contend, ended the threat of an aggressive Spain that historically interfered in domestic French politics.

These historians also emphasise the effect of Louis' wars in expanding France's boundaries and creating more defensible frontiers that preserved France from invasion until the Revolution.

Arguably, Louis also applied himself indirectly to "the alleviation of the burdens of [his] subjects. Moreover, the significant reduction in civil wars and aristocratic rebellions during his reign are seen by these historians as the result of Louis' consolidation of royal authority over feudal elites.

In their analysis, his early reforms centralised France and marked the birth of the modern French state.

They regard the political and military victories as well as numerous cultural achievements as the means by which Louis helped raise France to a preeminent position in Europe.

Europeans generally began to emulate French manners, values, goods, and deportment. French became the universal language of the European elite.

Louis' detractors have argued that his considerable foreign, military, and domestic expenditure impoverished and bankrupted France.

His supporters, however, distinguish the state, which was impoverished, from France, which was not. As supporting evidence, they cite the literature of the time, such as the social commentary in Montesquieu 's Persian Letters.

Alternatively, Louis' critics attribute the social upheaval culminating in the French Revolution to his failure to reform French institutions while the monarchy was still secure.

Other scholars counter that there was little reason to reform institutions that largely worked well under Louis. They also maintain that events occurring almost 80 years after his death were not reasonably foreseeable to Louis, and that in any case, his successors had sufficient time to initiate reforms of their own.

Louis has often been criticised for his vanity. The memoirist Saint-Simon , who claimed that Louis slighted him, criticised him thus:.

There was nothing he liked so much as flattery, or, to put it more plainly, adulation; the coarser and clumsier it was, the more he relished it.

For his part, Voltaire saw Louis' vanity as the cause for his bellicosity:. It is certain that he passionately wanted glory, rather than the conquests themselves.

Nonetheless, Louis has also received praise. The anti-Bourbon Napoleon described him not only as "a great king", but also as "the only King of France worthy of the name".

In , at Nuneham House , a piece of Louis' mummified heart, taken from his tomb and kept in a silver locket by Lord Harcourt , Archbishop of York , was shown to the Dean of Westminster , William Buckland , who ate it.

He did say, "Every time I appoint someone to a vacant position, I make a hundred unhappy and one ungrateful. On 5 April , Louis also founded the Royal and Military Order of Saint Louis French : Ordre Royal et Militaire de Saint-Louis , a military order of chivalry.

Patrilineal descent is the principle behind membership in royal houses, as it can be traced back through the generations - which means that if King Louis were to choose an historically accurate house name it would be Robertian, as all his male-line ancestors have been of that house.

Louis is a member of the House of Bourbon , a branch of the Capetian dynasty and of the Robertians. Louis' patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son.

It follows the Bourbon, Kings of France, and the Counts of Paris and Worms. It is one of the oldest in Europe. This is an incomplete list of Louis XIV's illegitimate children.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Louis XIV of France. For the French musical about him, see Le Roi Soleil musical. For other uses, see Sun King disambiguation.

For other uses, see Louis XIV disambiguation. King of France and Navarre, from to King of France. Portrait by Hyacinthe Rigaud , Basilica of St Denis.

Maria Theresa of Spain. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Further information: Franco-Spanish War — Main articles: War of Devolution and Franco-Dutch War.

Further information: Orientalism in early modern France. Main article: Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Main article: War of the Grand Alliance.

Main article: Treaty of Ryswick. Main article: War of the Spanish Succession. See also: Style Louis XIV. Ancestors of Louis XIV Antoine of Navarre [] Henry IV of France [] Henry II of Navarre [] 9.

Jeanne III of Navarre [] Louis XIII of France Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany [] Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany [] Eleanor of Toledo [] 5.

Marie de' Medici [] Joanna of Austria [] Louis XIV of France Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor Philip II of Spain [] Isabella of Portugal 6.

Philip III of Spain [] Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor Maria of Austria 3. Anne of Austria Charles II, Archduke of Inner Austria [] Margaret of Austria [] Albert V, Duke of Bavaria [] Maria Anna of Bavaria [] Main article: Descendants of Louis XIV of France.

MSN Encarta. Archived from the original on 28 October Retrieved 20 January The Independent. Retrieved 4 July Catholic Encyclopedia.

Retrieved 19 January Paris, France: Plon-Nourrit. The Ottoman Empire and the World Around It. Bloomsbury Academic. The Meeting of Eastern and Western Art.

University of California Press. King of the World: The Life of Louis XIV cited in Tim Blanning, Solar Power The Wall Street Journal Oct , , p.

The Memoirs of the Duke de Saint-Simon on the Reign of Louis XIV. Translated by St. John, Bayle. London: Chatto and Windus. Internet Modern History Sourcebook.

History Department of Fordham University. Translated by Eden, Malcolm. Michigan Publishing, University of Michigan Library. Retrieved 1 April France Baroque, France Classique in French.

Archived from the original on 7 January The Persecution of Huguenots and French Economic Development, — Cahiers bruxellois in French. III II : 85— Retrieved 10 July Journal of the History of Ideas.

Dance Chronicle. History — Seventeenth-Century Europe. Archived from the original on 3 June Retrieved 4 May New York: E. Westminster Abbey.

Retrieved 17 January Betrachtungen über Leopolds des Weisen Gesetzgebung in Toscana [ Reflections on Leopold's Wise Legislation in Toscana ] in German.

Le roi ne peut jamais avoit tort, le roi ne peut mal faire [ The king was not wrong, the king can do no wrong ] in French. Le Normant. Autographe du cabinet de M.

VIII, , Paris, , p. Manuscrit des Dames de Saint-Cyr. Authority control Joconde : PE Categories : works Portraits of monarchs Portraits by French artists 18th-century portraits Works about Louis XIV.

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Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. A French king had to be a soldier, and so Louis served his apprenticeship on the battlefield.

In Louis faced the great conflict between love and duty, a familiar one for princes of that period. The childhood of Louis XIV was at an end, but no one believed him capable of seizing the reins of power.

No one suspected his thoughts. In my heart I prefer fame above all else, even life itself. Mazarin died on March 9, The dramatic blow came on March The king informed his astonished ministers that he intended to assume all responsibility for ruling the kingdom.

This had not occurred since the reign of Henry IV. From this conviction he gained not only a dangerous feeling of infallibility but also considerable serenity and moderation.

He was backed up first by the great ministers Jean-Baptiste Colbert , marquis de Louvois , and Hugues de Lionne , among whom he fostered dissension, and later by men of lesser capacity.

In , Louis XIV officially moved his court to the lavish palace at Versailles, 13 miles outside of Paris. In addition to the royal court, the room palace housed the nobility that Louis XIV had brought into his sphere as well as the thousands of staff needed for upkeep.

It took more than two decades for King Louis XIII and his wife, Anne, to have Louis XIV as their first child. Reflecting that belief, Louis XIV believed any disobedience to his edicts to be sinful, and he adopted the sun as his emblem since France revolved around him as the planets revolved around the sun.

By the s, however, the devoutly Catholic Louis XIV believed his faith should be the sole religion of his country.

After years of persecuting Protestants and constricting their rights, the Catholic king revoked the Edict of Nantes in through his issuance of the Edict of Fontainebleau, which ordered the destruction of Protestant churches, the closure of Protestant schools, and the forced baptism and education of children into the Catholic faith.

The edict led , or more Huguenots to flee France in search of religious freedom elsewhere in Europe or in the American colonies.

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